About Gandhi

Gandhi is known for his moral standards provided a non-violent way of creating revolution called ‘Satyagraha’.

Satyagraha (Sanskrit: सत्याग्रह satyāgraha) is a philosophy and practice of nonviolent resistance developed by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (also known as “Mahatma” Gandhi). Gandhi’s teachings were primarily inspired by teachings from Bhagawad Gita.  Gandhi deployed satyagraha in campaigns for Indian independence and also during his earlier struggles inSouth Africa. Satyagraha theory also influenced Martin Luther King, Jr. during the campaigns he led during the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.

He founded the Sabarmati Ashram to teach satyagraha. He asked satyagrahis to follow the following principles:[15]

  1. Nonviolence (ahimsa)
  2. Truth — this includes honesty, but goes beyond it to mean living fully in accord with and in devotion to that which is true
  3. Non-stealing
  4. Chastity (brahmacharya) — this includes sexual chastity, but also the subordination of other sensual desires to the primary devotion to truth
  5. Non-possession (poverty)
  6. Body-labor or bread-labor
  7. Control of the palate
  8. Fearlessness
  9. Equal respect for all religions
  10. Swadeshi
  11. Freedom from untouchability